History of Pharmacy in Massachusetts

1823 – Massachusetts College of Pharmacy adopts constitution

1883 – Massachusetts State Pharmaceutical Association was started and meet for the first time

  • Elect officers
  • Appoint S.A.D Sheppard as President of the organization. He was also a former president, secretary, treasurer, and trustee of Massachusetts College of Pharmacy. Mr. Sheppard was on board of trustees of the US Pharmacopeia Convention. He would later be elected for second term as President of Association.

1885 – First pharmacy law signed by governor and enacted

1900 – Massachusetts Independent Pharmacists Association founded.

1906 – Food and Drug Act created to prevent misbranded and adulterated foods and drugs

1912 – On August 23, 1912, Congressman (D/KY) Joseph Swagger Sherley's proposed amendment, the Sherley Amendment, to Section 8 of the Pure Food and Drug Act, was enacted. It prohibited 'false and fraudulent' labeling of a product (though not advertising).

1912 – House of Delegates meets for first time

1914 – Harrison Narcotic Act created the first category of prescription-only drugs, regulates amount of narcotic distributed and requires record be taken of dispensing of narcotics

1927 – Northeastern School of Pharmacy started, originally called Mariano School of Pharmacy

1938 – The enactment of the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, in response to the Sulfanilamide disaster, tightened controls over drugs and food, included new consumer protection against unlawful cosmetics and medical devices, and enhanced the government's ability to enforce the law. This law, as amended, is still in force today. 

1945 – The Massachusetts Society of Health-System Pharmacists was established.

1950 –  USC establishes the nation's first PharmD program.    

1951 – Durham-Humphrey Amendment defines which drugs will be regulated and restrictions are placed on prescription only drugs

1962 – In response to Thalidomide disaster, Kefauver-Harris Drug Amendments initiated to force drug companies to prove products both safe and effective 

1965 – Medicare and Medicaid initiated

1970 – First patient information package inserts required by FDA for oral contraceptives disclosing both risks and benefits

1970 – Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act formed to distinguish between drugs of abuse or not

1972 – Over-the-Counter Drug Review required drugs sold without a prescription to be safe, effective, and labeled correctly

1983 – Federal Anti-Tampering Act formed in response to cyanide found in Tylenol bottles to prevent tampering

1983 – Orphan Drug Act passed encouraging research of drugs used in rare diseases

1984 - Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration quickens the process of generic formation by allowing drugs to be sold without repeating initial brand research of safety and efficacy and allows brand name drugs to hold their patent for an extra five years

1988 – The Prescription Drug Marketing Act disallows drugs to be resold in different packaging, as well as forcing wholesalers to become licensed

1990 – OBRA ’90 required patient medical history review, set standards of patient counseling, required maintenance of patient records, and formed a Drug Use Review Board

1991 – Northeast Pharmacy Service Corporation incorporated as a non-profit corporation

1992 – The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) required that all of the pharmacy schools that they accreditated offer a doctor of pharmacy degree. 

1992 – Generic Drug Enforcement Act monitors abbreviate drug application

1997 - Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act updates the Act of 1938

2002 – Prescription Drug Tax started

2003 – Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act

2006 – The bachelor of science in pharmacy degree was completely replaced by the doctor of pharmacy degree as of the graduating class of 2006.

2006 – Medicare Part D initiated